Viruses, bacteria, allergies genetic diseases are often revealed in children through the prism of the skin. This protects and allows exchanges between outside of the body. "The skin complex organ than envelope, expressed through different reactions", explains Dr. Anne-Marie Calza, pediatric dermatologist and consulting physician at the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG). Reactions worry parents. However, a rash of problem. “These reactions are completely normal, and even necessary. Many skin diseases occur in childhood, when the is forged, "recalls the dermatologist.
Rashes in children have various manifestations, with or without itching and fever. The reaction on the surface of the epidermis can take of pimples, blisters, pustules, plaques, redness. But the diagnosis always obvious, as Dr. Calza explains: “Parents often far too early. We then ask them the progress back to us if necessary, to refine the diagnosis ".
Virus, bacteria or allergy?
Skin problems in children, also called dermatoses, can have various origins. be secondary to (such as chickenpox, measles, etc.), or to bacteria. For several years, there has also been a dramatic increase in so-called “atopic” diseases, caused by immune hyper-reactivity. They group together several pathologies intersect: eczema, asthma, allergic conjunctivitis or . “The system gets when is sick, when the weather changes, when there are things in their life, a tooth growing… it's immune dysregulation,” says Dr. Calza. There are surely also environmental causes, we have the formal proof ".
Most common dermatological symptoms
Scabs on the skullWhat it can be: , also "cradle cap", extremely common in infants.
How it manifests: Yellowish scabs appear on the scalp, cheeks and eyebrows are red with dandruff, buttocks too. These manifestations painful appear between 6 weeks months.
What to do: To limit scabs, apply or an emollient cream to the skull before shampooing gently. mostly resolves on its own.
Red plaquesWhat it can be: (or dermatitis). In Switzerland, nearly 1 in 5 children are affected, a figure that has doubled in thirty years, without it being clearly understood why. Psoriasis on in children. Less common than eczema, also correlated with immunity, appears after a strep infection, .
How it manifests: In young children (from the age of 3-4 months), eczema chronic disease that causes red, dry, itchy patches . often localized on the face folds of the limbs. Eczema also makes children irritable and disrupts their sleep.
What to do: no medicine treat eczema, but creams can help relieve flare-ups. While some atopic diseases persist into adulthood, most of the time they resolve spontaneously during childhood. Note that eczema rarely caused by an allergy.